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Chemistry for sustainable technologies : a foundation / Neil Winterton.

By: Winterton, N.
Material type: materialTypeLabelBookPublisher: Cambridge : RSC Pub., c2011Description: xix, 480 p.ISBN: 9781847558138 ; 1847558135 (hbk.).Subject(s): Environmental chemistry | Sustainable developmentDDC classification: 540
Contents:
1 .Scope of the Book. -- References -- 2. Setting the Scene. -- The State of the Planet -- The 'Trilemma' -- Human Population and its Growth -- Our Attitudes to Technology and How We Come by Them -- Science, Controversy and the Media -- Chemisty and the Chemical Industry -- Why We Cannot Turn the Clock Back --Synthetic Bad, Natural Good? -- Decision-making and 'Wicked' Problems -- Sustainable Development and Hyperdisciplinarity -- The Role of the Expert -- References -- Bibliography -- Webliography -- 3. Sustainalitily and Sustainable Development. -- What is Sustainability? And is it Different from Sustainable Development? -- Environmental Burden or Carrying Capacity -- Footprints: Ecological, Carbon and Water -- Requirements for Sustainability -- References -- Bibliography -- Webliography --
4. Science and its Importance. -- What is Science? -- The Scientific Method -- Hypotheses, Models, Theories and Laws -- Exchange of Scientific Knowledge: Peer Review -- Science and Authority -- Science and Technology -- Good Science, Bad Science and the Media -- Care in What We Say and How We Say It -- Ignorance, Uncertainty and Indeterminancy -- References -- Bibliography --Webliography -- 5. Chemistry of the Environment. -- Environmental Science and Environmental Chemistry -- Geochemistry -- Global Geochemical Cycling of the Elements -- The Carbon Cycle I: The Role of Carbon Dioxide --The Sun -- The Greenhouse Effect -- Global Warming Potential -- The Carbon Cycle II: Methane and its Atmospheric Lifetime -- The Nitrogen Cycle, Nitrous Oxide and Biomass Production -- Human Impact on the Environment -- Geophysiology or Earth Systems Science -- Geoengineering -- References -- Bibliography -- Webliography --
6. Waste, Pollution and the Second Law of Thermodynamics. -- What is Waste? -- When Waste Becomes Pollution -- Chemical Waste: Sheldon's E-factor -- Approaches to Chemical Waste Minimisation -- Waste Minimisation Hierarchy -- Chemical Waste: Historical Trends and Changes -- Inevitability of Waste (But Not Necessarily of Pollution) -- Importance of Defining Boundaries -- Life-cycle Inventory -- The Central Importance of Thermodynamics -- Entropy and Waste -- Work and the Carnot Cycle -- Real Processes: Exergy -- Exergetic Analysis -- Exergetic Comparison of Processes for Ethanol Production --References -- Bibliography -- Webliography -- 7. Measurement. -- Reaction Yield -- Mass Balance -- Conversion -- Selectivity -- Atom Efficiency -- Process Chemistry -- Balance Yield -- Reaction Mass Efficiency -- Other Metrics -- References --Bibliography -- Webliography --
8. Chemistry: Necessary but not Sufficient. -- Prebiotic Chemistry (Organic, Inorganic and Physical) -- The 50 Millionth Chemical Substance -- CAS Registry Number 173075-49-5 -- The Significance of Small Things -- Tamiflu -- Chemistry in the Real World -- Metathesis, Fullerenes and the Nobel Prize -- Presidential Green Chemistry Challenge Awards -- Green Chemistry: A Brief History -- Principles of Green Chemistry -- 'Green' Reaction Media -- References -- Bibliography -- Webliography -- 9. Chemical Processing. -- Technological Development and Experience Curves -- Stages of Technological Development -- Investment and Risk -- Product Development -- Patenting -- Application of Process Engineering and Chemistry -- Reaction Sequence --Mixing and Mass Transfer -- Process Intensification -- Novel Stimuli -- Inherent Safety and Inherent Waste Minimisation -- Process Integration and Industrial Ecology -- References -- Bibliography -- Webliography -- 10. Catalysis. -- Catalysis, Kinetics and the Catalytically Active Species -- Catalysis in the Environment --Measuring Catalysis Performance -- Catalysis and Sustainability -- Catalysis in Industry --Waste Reduction and Prevention through Catalysis -- Catalysis and Waste as Feedstocks -- Environmental and Sustainable Catalysis -- Catalysis and Renewables -- References -- Bibliography -- Webliography -- 11. Chemicals from Biomass. -- Renewable Resources -- Biomass, Renewability and Sustainability -- Chemistry and Biomass: An Overview -- Chemicals from Biomass: The Nature of Biomass and its Derivatives --Chemicals from Biomass: Sources of Biomass -- Chemicals from Biomass: Biofuels, Commodities, Specialities and 'Platform' Chemicals -- Chemicals from Biomass; Biomass Processing -- Technological Interdependence and Integration -- Technological Constraints -- References -- Bibliography -- Webliography -- 12. Energy Production. -- Primary, Secondary, Renewable and Sustainable Energy --Conventional Sources of Energy -- Energy from Renewables -- Secondary Energy Sources and Energy Storage --References --Bibliography -- Webliography -- 13.The Chemist as Citizen. -- Science and Ethics -- Rhetoric and Evidence -- Science and Public Perception -- Scepticism and Open Mindedness -- Logic and Fairness -- Individual Action -- Science, Activism and Advocacy -- 'Climategate' --References -- Webliography -- Appendix 1. Finding Stuff Out -- Appendix 2. Units and Abbreviations -- Appendix 3.Twelve More Green Chemistry Principles.
List(s) this item appears in: NBB012564 29127 to 29171 | organic chemistry
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1 .Scope of the Book. -- References -- 2. Setting the Scene. -- The State of the Planet -- The 'Trilemma' -- Human Population and its Growth -- Our Attitudes to Technology and How We Come by Them -- Science, Controversy and the Media -- Chemisty and the Chemical Industry -- Why We Cannot Turn the Clock Back --Synthetic Bad, Natural Good? -- Decision-making and 'Wicked' Problems -- Sustainable Development and Hyperdisciplinarity -- The Role of the Expert -- References -- Bibliography -- Webliography -- 3. Sustainalitily and Sustainable Development. -- What is Sustainability? And is it Different from Sustainable Development? -- Environmental Burden or Carrying Capacity -- Footprints: Ecological, Carbon and Water -- Requirements for Sustainability -- References -- Bibliography -- Webliography --

4. Science and its Importance. -- What is Science? -- The Scientific Method -- Hypotheses, Models, Theories and Laws -- Exchange of Scientific Knowledge: Peer Review -- Science and Authority -- Science and Technology -- Good Science, Bad Science and the Media -- Care in What We Say and How We Say It -- Ignorance, Uncertainty and Indeterminancy -- References -- Bibliography --Webliography -- 5. Chemistry of the Environment. -- Environmental Science and Environmental Chemistry -- Geochemistry -- Global Geochemical Cycling of the Elements -- The Carbon Cycle I: The Role of Carbon Dioxide --The Sun -- The Greenhouse Effect -- Global Warming Potential -- The Carbon Cycle II: Methane and its Atmospheric Lifetime -- The Nitrogen Cycle, Nitrous Oxide and Biomass Production -- Human Impact on the Environment -- Geophysiology or Earth Systems Science -- Geoengineering -- References -- Bibliography -- Webliography --

6. Waste, Pollution and the Second Law of Thermodynamics. -- What is Waste? -- When Waste Becomes Pollution -- Chemical Waste: Sheldon's E-factor -- Approaches to Chemical Waste Minimisation -- Waste Minimisation Hierarchy -- Chemical Waste: Historical Trends and Changes -- Inevitability of Waste (But Not Necessarily of Pollution) -- Importance of Defining Boundaries -- Life-cycle Inventory -- The Central Importance of Thermodynamics -- Entropy and Waste -- Work and the Carnot Cycle -- Real Processes: Exergy -- Exergetic Analysis -- Exergetic Comparison of Processes for Ethanol Production --References -- Bibliography -- Webliography -- 7. Measurement. -- Reaction Yield -- Mass Balance -- Conversion -- Selectivity -- Atom Efficiency -- Process Chemistry -- Balance Yield -- Reaction Mass Efficiency -- Other Metrics -- References --Bibliography -- Webliography --

8. Chemistry: Necessary but not Sufficient. -- Prebiotic Chemistry (Organic, Inorganic and Physical) -- The 50 Millionth Chemical Substance -- CAS Registry Number 173075-49-5 -- The Significance of Small Things -- Tamiflu -- Chemistry in the Real World -- Metathesis, Fullerenes and the Nobel Prize -- Presidential Green Chemistry Challenge Awards -- Green Chemistry: A Brief History -- Principles of Green Chemistry -- 'Green' Reaction Media -- References -- Bibliography -- Webliography -- 9. Chemical Processing. -- Technological Development and Experience Curves -- Stages of Technological Development -- Investment and Risk -- Product Development -- Patenting -- Application of Process Engineering and Chemistry -- Reaction Sequence --Mixing and Mass Transfer -- Process Intensification -- Novel Stimuli -- Inherent Safety and Inherent Waste Minimisation -- Process Integration and Industrial Ecology -- References -- Bibliography -- Webliography -- 10. Catalysis. -- Catalysis, Kinetics and the Catalytically Active Species -- Catalysis in the Environment --Measuring Catalysis Performance -- Catalysis and Sustainability -- Catalysis in Industry --Waste Reduction and Prevention through Catalysis -- Catalysis and Waste as Feedstocks -- Environmental and Sustainable Catalysis -- Catalysis and Renewables -- References -- Bibliography -- Webliography -- 11. Chemicals from Biomass. -- Renewable Resources -- Biomass, Renewability and Sustainability -- Chemistry and Biomass: An Overview -- Chemicals from Biomass: The Nature of Biomass and its Derivatives --Chemicals from Biomass: Sources of Biomass -- Chemicals from Biomass: Biofuels, Commodities, Specialities and 'Platform' Chemicals -- Chemicals from Biomass; Biomass Processing -- Technological Interdependence and Integration -- Technological Constraints -- References -- Bibliography -- Webliography -- 12. Energy Production. -- Primary, Secondary, Renewable and Sustainable Energy --Conventional Sources of Energy -- Energy from Renewables -- Secondary Energy Sources and Energy Storage --References --Bibliography -- Webliography -- 13.The Chemist as Citizen. -- Science and Ethics -- Rhetoric and Evidence -- Science and Public Perception -- Scepticism and Open Mindedness -- Logic and Fairness -- Individual Action -- Science, Activism and Advocacy -- 'Climategate' --References -- Webliography -- Appendix 1. Finding Stuff Out -- Appendix 2. Units and Abbreviations -- Appendix 3.Twelve More Green Chemistry Principles.

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